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Summary of investigations conducted by China Southern Airlines (Group) Co., Ltd.

China Southern Airlines is a core enterprise of China Southern Airlines Group and one of China's six key aviation companies. It has six wholly-owned subsidiaries, located in Zhengzhou, Wuhan, Changsha, Haikou, Shenzhen and Zhuhai. In recent years, the company's various indicators have increased at a rate of more than 30%. According to some estimates, the company has the strength of a world-class airline. As of October last year, the company has a total of 101 civil aircraft, including 50 advanced Boeing aircraft, such as B767-300, B757-200 and B373 500, 300 and 200; There are more than 170 routes, including more than 130 domestic routes and 18 international routes. There are more than 40 domestic navigation cities, and more than 10 foreign cities in Southeast Asia. According to the US "Aviation Business" magazine report, China Southern Airlines' net income growth rate reached 17.7% in 1992, ranking first among the top 100 airlines in the world, and its profit was ranked 8th with US$107 million, but sales revenue. The amount is ranked 63rd. In 1992, China Southern Airlines handled 8.04 million passengers, accounting for 33% of the national total. It also ranked first among the nation's major airlines for six consecutive years. In general, China Southern Airlines plays an important role both domestically and internationally. The civil aviation affairs in Central and South China were originally managed and operated by the Guangzhou Municipal Administration of Civil Aviation. The bureau was established on January 1, 1959, and the management scope is the five provinces of Central and South China. Before the reform and opening up, civil aviation implemented a militarized and semi-military management system. Under all policies governed by the state, the operation of civil aviation does not emphasize economic benefits at all, regardless of production profits and losses, and thus its development is slow. After 1980, Guangzhou Civil Aviation gradually implemented a business management system. However, China Southern Airlines was established on February 1, 1992, and it is only the name used by the Guangzhou Administration of Civil Aviation during its business operations. In December 1992, China Southern Airlines changed its name to China Southern Airlines. Like Baiyun International Airport, it left the Civil Aviation Administration of Guangzhou and became an independent, self-financing business entity. The former Civil Aviation Administration of Guangzhou changed to the Civil Aviation Central and Southern Administration, and no longer carried out the business activities of civil aviation, but only supervised and managed it from the policy. On October 10, 1993, while China Southern Airlines was officially listed, China Southern Airlines Group, which is based on it, was also announced. China's reform and opening up policy has promoted economic prosperity and promoted the development of civil aviation. In particular, Guangdong has the advantages of reform and opening up, the benefits of the hometown of overseas Chinese, and the advantages of neighboring Hong Kong and Macao and proximity to Southeast Asia. The economy has developed rapidly and the civil aviation industry in the south has also achieved unprecedented development. The following is a description of the development of China Southern Airlines since 1985. 1 Number of employees: From 9174 in 1985 to 15,370 in 1990, it grew by more than 67%. 2 Total turnover of transportation: from 186,634,700 tons in 1985 to 406,597,000 tons in 1990, an average annual increase of 16.9%, from 13.7% of the national total to 16.3%. In 1992, it increased to 720 million tons, an increase of 77% over 1990. 3 Passenger traffic: from 2,434,100 in 1985 to 4,702,100 in 1990, from about 31.3% of the national total to 28.3%. In 1992, it reached 8.04 million, and its proportion in the country rose to 33%. 4 Cargo transportation volume: from 39,758 tons in 1985 to 79,914 tons in 1990, from 20.4% of the national total to 21.6%. 5 Total value and net value of fixed assets: The total value increased from 126.18 million yuan in 1985 to 608.493 million yuan in 1990, growing nearly 3.8 times; the net value increased from 5,594.30 million yuan in 1985 to 287,397,000 yuan in 1990. The average annual increase is 38.8%. 6 Business income: from 282.06 million yuan in 1985 to 1,681.15 million yuan in 1990, an average annual increase of 42.9%. 7 Profit: From 61.86 million yuan in 1985 to 50.62 million yuan in 1990, the average annual increase is 52.3%, and the growth rate is very fast. 8 Labor productivity: from 32,988 yuan/person in 1985 to 109,506 yuan/person in 1990, an increase of about 3.3 times. 9 routes. Domestic routes: From 1977 to 1990, the national civil aviation opened a total of 92 routes originating from or to Guangzhou, accounting for 20% of the total number of new routes in the country during this period; among them, 47 were opened by Guangzhou Civil Aviation, accounting for about half. . International routes: By the end of 1990, the Civil Aviation Administration of Guangzhou operated a total of nine international routes, including one from Guangzhou and three from Guangzhou. 10 Aircraft: The aircraft is one of the important indicators of airline strength. The aircraft used by Guangzhou Civil Aviation experienced a development process from piston propeller type to turbofan type, from 4 passengers in a single aircraft to 200 passengers in a single aircraft. Before the early 1980s, the aircraft used by the Civil Aviation Administration of Guangzhou had three piston propeller-type 2 aircrafts, 9 aircraft of the Il-14 aircraft, and the turboprop type An-24 aircraft. Rack; 7 turbofan-type trident aircraft; the above aircraft are all transferred by the Civil Aviation Administration. After 1983, the Civil Aviation Administration of Guangzhou began to purchase and lease aircraft. In 1983, five Boeing-737-200 turbofan passenger aircraft were purchased. In 1985, a basic aircraft of the Yun-7 was purchased, and in 1988, one aircraft of the Yun-7-100 was purchased. In 1985, a total of five Boeing-737-200 aircraft were leased abroad. From 1987 to 1990, 10 Boeing-757-200 turbofan passenger aircraft were leased from abroad. At this point, the aircraft's capacity has been greatly improved, the flight speed has increased from the original two or three hundred kilometers to eight or nine hundred kilometers, and the maximum commercial carrying capacity has increased from the original two or three tons to ten or twenty tons. The range has also been more than doubled, and other devices and equipment are much more advanced. [1] [2] Next page


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