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Internship summary

Advantages: The author carefully summarizes each piece of the internship and supplements and enriches the internship by finding relevant information. The materials cited are basically appropriate. On the basis of this, three topics are further elaborated, and the text is targeted and the focus is basically outstanding. Insufficient: The cited materials are still undigested in the article, still in the state of information, lacking clear persuasiveness. Urban Ecology Internship Report Deng Yiting introduces that people and the environment are inextricably linked. Regardless of the past, present and future, human beings are constantly transforming the environment to create an environmental space that is not only used but also beautiful. What the city means is not only the accumulation of artificial structures such as buildings, streets, shops, but also the social, cultural, economic, political and urban residents' diverse life accompanied by many functional facilities and hard landscapes. From the external visual image, the city is composed of its plane structure, skyline outline, various buildings, market facilities, regional landmarks, open spaces, planted gardens and shuttle vehicles. However, these are urban people. The form of matter formed under the choice and chosen behavior implies profound natural laws, social psychology, human emotions and historical vicissitudes. In the 20th century, the famous urban scholar and architect scholar Lewis Mumford pointed out in his representative work "The History of Urban Development": "If the life realized by the city is not a kind of praise for itself, then it will pay for the development of the city. All the sacrifices will be without any cost. No matter the power of expansion or the limited material wealth, it will not be able to compensate for the beauty, joy and affection that is lost in one day." "When we walked in the city, we found this." The phenomenon is unpredictable, and the surrounding buildings seem to be able to speak and act like the inhabitants; and through the material structure of the city, past events, decisions made long ago, and long-established values Wait, continue to survive and exude influence.” It is in order to fully recognize the urban environment and the role of people in the process of constructing the urban environment. As a learner of urban ecology, we conducted on April 5, 2004. An internship in the northwestern suburbs of Beijing. I. Internship Overview We departed from the second floor of Beida Yifu at 8:00 in the morning. After passing through Guanghua Building, Library, Yannan Garden, Li Dazhao bronze statue and Cai Yuanpei bronze statue, we arrived at the south bank of Wuming Lake and saw the overturned stone fish. Through the Weixiu Garden, Chengze Garden, Haidian Park, Liulangzhuang, Beijing Urban Green Belt, arrive at the South Gate of the Yihe Garden, watch the Jingmi diversion channel outside the gate, and then enter the Summer Palace from the South Gate of the Summer Palace to the south bank of Kunming Lake. End the internship along the west bank to Wanshou Mountain and Donggong Gate. Along the way, natural and human landscapes such as greening and construction were surveyed, and certain information was obtained. Some thoughts and conclusions were also drawn. Second, the content and analysis of the internship 1. About a controversial road into the East Gate of Peking University, you can see a wide and straight road. As one of the few broad and straight roads that Peking University has, it is a controversial road. The roadside neatly and well-maintained lawn announces the modernization and internationalization of the new Peking University. This road is surrounded by the relatively modern buildings of Peking University - Science Building No. 1, Building No. 2, Yifu First Floor, Yifu Second Floor, Yifu Court, Science Teaching Building, etc. At the end of the road is an antique-style building with a traditional charm. Many people believe that the wide and straight road surface is not in harmony with the antique roof of the surrounding buildings. In addition to the neat artificial turf, the two sides of the road are small trees that have been planted neatly, and the end of the road is a tall, shady tree that has been growing for many years. The uncoordinated feeling is more intense. This probably involves the so-called "visual adaptability." In many cases, we rarely consider a specific environment, but simply apply a kind of model that looks good and advanced, and ignores the special requirements of a specific environment for artificial facilities such as buildings. Perhaps this is also a problem in planning. Just as the new buildings and old buildings that are everywhere in the Peking University campus, they may not be the perfect choice. 2. The paradise on campus - Yannan Garden Yannan Garden is one of the smaller gardens of Peking University's Yanyuan Garden. There are only a dozen elegant and elegant two-storey small buildings and a small courtyard in the garden. Here is Professor Peking University. A residential area. It is often said that "the famous professors of Peking University do not necessarily live in Yannan Garden, but Yannan Park is a famous professor." In the 1950s, Yan Nanyuan lived with Ma Yinchu, Tang Yongqi, Zhou Peiyuan, Feng Youlan, Zhu Guangqian, Chen Yusun, Hou Renzhi, and Mr. Lin Gengzhu, and later moved in to Wang Li and Wei Jiangong. Ms. Bing Xin also lived here when she was teaching Yanjing University. This is enough to reflect the profound content and cultural accumulation of its connotation. The independent residential model in Yannan Garden is the ideal environment for academic research by old professors. As an old professor pointed out in an interview, although he was a little old, he would not think of changing the old-fashioned pattern of the house. One reason is that although many books were donated to the library, the books in the house were also The inconvenience caused by the renovation. However, the more crucial point is that the pattern of the old house is an environment that can make people feel at ease to study and study. Years of accumulation have made this little garden full of scholarly spirit... So, apart from the scholarly fragrance, what does it mean for people who have lived here for a long time? The interviews were mainly conducted by the elderly over the age of 60, and they lived here for more than 35 years. They generally believe that Yannan Park has a good living environment. First of all, it is located on a platform, and the terrain is higher than the surrounding area. This is a good geographical environment. In the meantime, the plants of different colors provide a coordinated ecological environment for the garden. As a distinctive residential garden, Yannan Park attracts visitors from all walks of life. The teachers and students of the School of Architecture of Tsinghua University have also written here to study the architectural features. However, Yannan Park also has its shortcomings. The interviewees generally pointed out the following points: First, the people who came to visit the sightseeing area broke the original tranquility and cleanliness. The passing cars drove the dust and made noise, which caused a great degree of damage to the environment inside the park. The second is the problem of public toilets. The land occupied by public toilets is the playground of children in the past. Due to neglect of management, the construction of public toilets not only eliminates the children's play, but also has a great impact on the environment. In fact, in Yannan Park, each individual house has independent sanitation facilities. The establishment of public toilets is only for the convenience of small business hawkers outside the park. As one of the few outdoor public toilets that are rare in Peking University campus, its establishment naturally has its own reasons. However, it is located in Yannan Garden, which has rich cultural heritage and profound connotation. It is located in Yannan Park where old professors study and study. Perhaps it is not Very reasonable. The third is the contradiction between office and residence. As one interviewee pointed out, some of the houses in Yannan Park have been assigned to certain administrative agencies by the school. The office of the administrative agency has further broken the tranquility of the garden and cannot but cause deep thought. The charm of Yannan Garden represents a part of the charm of Peking University, and it is the style of studying and the temperament of Yiran. Its integrity is an inseparable part of Peking University. Perhaps, its tranquility should not be broken and sneaked... 3. The change of the apple orchard - Jingyuan Lawn The famous Jingyuan lawn used to be an apple orchard. As a lawn, it replaced the status of the former East Lawn. Once the East Lawn was in the position of the new library, it used to be a romantic lawn that students loved. One North University student wrote: "The East Lawn is the land on the east side of the Peking University Library. It used to be the stage where Gao Xiaosong’s gang took the broken guitar to the big girl of Peking University’s little girl. We have a good place for Peking University to study and relax. Many Peking University couples meet, meet, and fall in love with the Eastern Lawn. Their feelings for this grassland are deeper.... Li Ka-shing said: This land is empty and unfortunate, I give You have to pay for the money, and then repair the library. After one year, there is no one more newspaper or a book here. A building that is more solemn than the Supreme People’s Court has drowned a lot of stories that should have happened.” The original apple orchard was changed to a lawn upon strong request. The romance of the lawn has recovered, but the rare orchard on the campus has been lost forever. How much is always a pity. Compatible, maybe really hard. In recent years, in order to accept more and more scholars, Peking University has to connect with the international community. Many original natural and artificial unique scenery can only give way to new buildings, which has caused the feelings of countless Laobei adults. And development always has to be, the key is how to develop, how to use land in a suitable place, and leave our pride in other places. If one day, the Unnamed Lake begins to shrink, or a new building is built around the Unnamed Lake, that is our true sorrow. "One tower and lake map" is not the whole of Peking University. The spirit of Peking University is very wide. The pride of Peking University lies in the culture it creates, the harmonious unity of science and nature... 4, unique ingenuity - leading to Wuming Lake The northern part of the campus of Peking University can be said to be full of ancient charm, like traditional Chinese gardens, giving a heavy sense of thought and history in the beautiful romance. "The life of Peking University is closer to the traditional literati doctor." A Tsinghua student who always likes to stay in the unnamed lake said. This kind of literary person is arrogant, and the path leading from the strip to the unnamed lake can also be reflected. Its shade and tranquility constitute the unique scenery of Peking University. There are various plants growing along the quiet path. Striking is the stone under the cedar, its unique use makes people feel refreshed. The waxy substance in the lower part of the pine needle is an acidic substance. When it falls into the soil, the soil is affected by acidification, and the soil quality deteriorates, so that dust will fly when it is windy. The stone can prevent dust from rising, thus ensuring the freshness and cleanliness of the road and air here. The large eaves of the traditional buildings along the road provide a good living environment for birds such as sparrows, and the sound of birds is endless. Here, the true integration of man and nature is a rare sight. Xinhuanet had the following reports on October 6, 2003: "Into the campus of Peking University, on the branches, on the grass, next to the teaching building, in front of the library, in the name of the lake, at the top of the Boya Tower... you can see groups everywhere. Magpies and other kinds of birds, a scene of “small ostriches on campus.” Zhang Liming, deputy director of the Propaganda Department of Peking University’s Party Committee, who graduated from the Chinese Department of Peking University 19 years ago, said in an interview with Xinhua News Agency that he was on campus when he was in college. To magpies, but not the current number, the initial estimate is up to thousands. Now, not only can you see magpies on campus, but you can also see squirrels, hedgehogs and other wild animals. The white swan has also been flying on the lake. During the speech, the reporter saw magpies flying from the window of his office from time to time. “Now, Peking University campus has become a paradise for all kinds of birds and animals. The campus is full of dignified green cypress, vigorous and rustic pine, gorgeous white pine, golden and golden ginkgo maple and other evergreen trees and spring and autumn. According to the survey of Peking University's gardens, there are 416 ancient trees in the school, of which 30 are more than 300 years old and 386 are more than 100 years old.” Zhang Liming said: “A good ecological environment has become an important component of Peking University campus culture. Part." Every holiday, thousands of tourists from all over the city feel the cultural atmosphere of the Peking University campus. "Yes, in terms of ecological construction, we did do very hard. Just as we were at the West Gate, we saw a magpie without fear of people. Sincerely, it has risen... 5. Unnamed Lake The lake island and the fisherman's lake light tower shadows make people forget to return. The unnamed lake has outstanding scenery and has become a symbol of Peking University's scenery. The willows around the lake are graceful, the branches are drooping, and the water is gently beaten, Boya. The reflection of the tower looms in the water. There are stone plaques lying in the lake, and the island dotted with towers. The quiet lake island is a pearl on the unnamed lake. A unique scenery in the lake. From the teacher, I only know the story behind it. The island was originally an excellent environment for the vigorous growth of plants such as reeds. It is an ecologically harmonious small environment, which together with the stonefish constitute a unique Scenery. However, during the centennial celebration, the school set up a note on the island for better introduction and explanation, which attracted a large number of tourists to the island. The influence of the people made the growth of the reeds Great influence until the reeds disappear completely from the island. Well, the school has realized this, and the signboards seen today have been transferred from the island to the lake. The self-healing ecosystem is in the long-term development. After the conditions, we should be able to return to the original state. In the near future, we can re-own a good ecological island, but not all mistakes can be remedied. Sometimes, a not wise decision can make a big difference. Unfortunately, the long-term nature of the plan can be seen. I hope that the story of the island will bring us some inspiration. 6. Yanxiu and Changchunyuan have a long history of Yanyuan, which is our pride. "Peking University Yanyuan School District, as early as the Jin Dynasty, became a famous scenic spot in the suburbs of Beijing. In the Ming Dynasty, the large-scale construction of gardens became the "grant garden" of the feudal emperors in the Qing Dynasty. During the Republic of China, it became the campus of Yanjing University. The site of the campus includes eight ancient garden sites, namely “Spoon Garden”, “Shuchun Garden”, “Minghe Garden”, “Mirror Spring Garden”, “Lang Run Garden”, “Yu Xiu Yuan” and “Cheng Ze Yuan”. And "the rule of the Bay Garden" and so on. Adjacent to Yuanmingyuan in terms of location, there are similarities in the content and garden style with some of the parks in Wanchun Garden of Yuanmingyuan. Unlike the magnificent royal gardens, it is also unique in that it is different from the private gardens of the mountains. After the vicissitudes of life, many ancient gardens or the fire of the imperialist powers that were paid with the Yuanmingyuan, or were sold and sold by warlords, have been razed to the ground. ... Shuchun Garden, Langrun Garden, Minghe Garden, and Chengze Garden are survivors. The water surface of the hills is still intact. This is a long-standing witness of the campus and a valuable cultural relic. "In 1920, Beijing Tongzhou Concord University, Peking Union Women's University and Beijing Huiwen University merged and completed Yanjing University. The principal, Situ Leiden, bought the Shuchun Garden and the southern garden of the spoon from the warlord Chen Shuzhen for 60,000 yuan. Architect HYMrphg was responsible for campus planning and design, and started construction in 1921. It was basically completed in 1929. The campus originally used 40 hectares of land and 800 students. From 1928 to 1931, it was awarded Langrun Park, Minghe Garden, Jingchun Garden and Weixiu. The Garden and Chengze Garden are the welfare quarters for the faculty dormitory. In the same period, the Beizi Garden was purchased as the internship site of the Yanda Agricultural Science Department. The architectural function and environment of the Peking University’s unnamed Huyan Garden are unified, and the architectural art is in harmony with the environment. The individual buildings are in harmony with the ancient garden style, the vertical and horizontal architectural axis layout and the garden environment are mutually infiltrated, and the application group motifs form a harmonious rhythm. The spatial sequence of the building and the landscape, the road and the trees are combined to make people A variety of beautiful feelings." Review, let us have more desire to understand. What are the gardens that are today as a faculty residential area? Entering Weixiuyuan, the charm of the hometown is faintly discernible. However, the feeling of "the spatial sequence of architecture and mountains, roads and trees that make people feel a variety of beautiful feelings" is gone. The building and the bungalow on the same plane indicate their existence, and the asphalt road and the dirt road show their functions on the same lake. Because there are a few low-priced hotels that are very simple and simple, the people who come here are all different, destroying the quiet and comfortable environment. Due to excessive openness and poor management, Weixiuyuan is very disappointing today. The rubbish everywhere, the rudimentary small restaurants and the equally rudimentary small hotels make people lose interest... Then, the residents who lived here for a long time What is the reaction? Residents near the lake are mostly “dirty and messy”—the garbage can be seen everywhere, and the emissions from the bungalows on the lakeside are seriously polluting the environment. The lake is mainly from the Wanquan River. It does not release water in the winter. In the summer, it is stinky due to pollution, and the mosquitoes are in groups. As for the residents who are a little farther away from the lake, they think that life is not satisfactory except for poor management. Moreover, the location is convenient, and it is close to the Summer Palace, Xiangshan and Peking University headquarters, and it is more suitable for living. An old man who looks like a scholar said, "There is very little environment in the university." An old man who seems to have eight or ninety years old living with his son said: "The environment is OK, it is better every day." One problem that residents generally reflect is that there is no large supermarket nearby and shopping is inconvenient. In Changchun Garden, we encountered the same problem. I think the main reason for this is poor management. An old Obasan, who was originally working in the Peking University dining hall, asked us to prove that it was a Peking University student. After telling us a lot of questions, she was very moved by the maintenance of Peking University’s reputation. However, as a faculty dormitory area of ​​Peking University, it is impossible to improve the level of management, so that it has become a residence for migrant workers in Beijing. This cannot be ignored. In the long run, the maintenance of the residents is impossible to maintain the reputation of the garden and the reputation of Peking University. 7. Wanquan Cultural Park Park is a centralized space where public art and green ecology are integrated. After the middle of the 20th century, the industrialization and urbanization of European and American countries have developed rapidly. The urban space has expanded and spread with the development of population and economy. The industrial and mining production and processing forms, especially in the post-industrial era, urban housing, energy, and transportation. The communication and the pressure of the overall ecological environment have become a vicious development trend, which has caused the natural ecology, the diversity of flora and fauna and the richness and integrity of the heritage of human history and culture. This scenario is particularly common in poor and developing countries. The parks set up in many central and suburban areas of large cities are far from enough to significantly improve and optimize the urban environment. Most of them only play a high concentration, high speed, high return and high consumption for urban society. The suppression of the mind and the damage of the ecological environment do some adjustment, soothing, or temporary short-term digestion and escape. Despite this, the park still more or less represents the praying and symbolic return to the already-defunct natural scenery or the rural landscape of the farming era. In many urban streets, plazas, and community centers that have gradually lost the function of public communication and leisure places, and lack of beautiful green ecological environment, good parks have more urban gardens and “city lungs”. The value of the value. Wanquan Cultural Park was established under such a background. It used to be a morning market in the past. Later, it was cleaned up and built into a park, which became a good place for nearby residents to exercise and relax. It is a semi-open urban street park, which includes landscapes such as rockeries and lawns, as well as public recreation facilities such as children's play areas, elderly fitness areas, dance floors, and roller skating. What is commendable is that the ground here is paved with soft materials, which are both beautiful and protective. We arrived here around 10:00 am, many children are playing, many middle-aged and elderly people are exercising, and many people are flying kites here, which is a lively scene. We interviewed visitors randomly. In the interview, most visitors said that they lived nearby, often come here, and sometimes even came here for the sake of distraction. Most of them said that "the environment is ok, the equipment is good, and it is much stronger than before." Parents with children say they are safe and secure about their children. Most of the dissatisfaction is concentrated on the hygiene of public toilets. It is said that the public toilets here are unmanaged, and often the sewage flows across the river, making the clean and beautiful environment a great sight. In addition, the lack of trees, this led to people in the summer, because there is no place to take a cold, but had to take a walk in the morning or evening, lost the use value during the day, can not but say that it is a lack. Wanquan Cultural Park is a successful plan as a whole. If it can strengthen the management of the park, it will be a masterpiece of ecological construction in the western suburbs of Beijing. 8, Wanquan River walked to the Wanquan River, stinking. There is a white foam on the river, and the river is already black. The reason is that a large amount of sewage is discharged, and the amount of emissions has exceeded its self-purification capacity. The artificialization of the river channel makes it separate from the natural life process, and its self-purification ability is greatly reduced. With deep regrets about the pollution of Wanquan River, I checked some relevant information online. On February 22, 2000, the Beijing Morning Post published a report entitled "People reflect the stinking of the lake in the campus of Peking University." The report pointed out that since the winter, the lake in the campus of Peking University has been slow to freeze, white foam floating on the lake, and an unpleasant smell of rotten eggs. When the reporter investigated, it was found that the fish in the lake clung to the ice, attracting everyone to cut ice and fish. According to experienced people, fish only float in the water to absorb oxygen in the absence of oxygen, indicating that the lake is lack of oxygen due to pollution. At this time, Wanquan River did not freeze. According to the staff of the Wanquanhe Management Station of the Haidian District River Management Office, Wanquan River is a river used for drainage in Haidian District. The lakes in Peking University and Tsinghua Park rely on this river to return to the lake. In the past, the rivers were frozen. It does not freeze because there is oily pollutants in the river. The staff also told reporters in particular that fish caught from this water may be contaminated and the residents must not eat. The Beijing Morning Post on February 25, 2000 published a report entitled "Difficulties in Solving Beijing Wanquan River". In an interview, Director Wang of Haidian District River Road pointed out that the Wanquan River, which has been seriously polluted, cannot find out where the source of sewage is. The only expedient to solve the stench of Peking University residents is to introduce clean water from the Jingmi diversion canal. The river will be washed out. "But it won't last long. After two or three days, the water is still like this." Why can't the sewage source be detected? It turns out that the Wanquan River began to be rebuilt in 1982. After the renovation, the river water was introduced from the "Jingmi". In the past two years, the municipal construction of Haidian District has been accelerated. Some units and individuals have saved money and saved the troubles. Into the rainwater pipes used to drain rainwater during heavy rains, causing sewage to flow directly into the Wanquan River. These private pipelines cannot be detected because of the funds and manpower restrictions in the bureau, so the pollution source cannot be seen. What is even more surprising is another report entitled "The skin is white and tender, and the "Fantastic Frog" swims in the Wanquan River in Beijing." A surnamed Chen found a "freak frog" in the Wanquan River near Ximen, Tsinghua University in October 2002. It is flesh-colored, without any pattern, and the skin surface is very smooth. The hind legs of the frog are particularly strong, and the red muscles on the legs are clearly visible. The forelimbs are particularly small and can not support the body when squatting. The staff of the Beijing Wildlife Conservation Station said that this may be an albino frog. Albino phenomenon is a variation caused by genetic mutations, which can occur in many wild animals such as mammals, birds, and amphibians. There are many factors that cause whitening, and river pollution is one of them. This fully illustrates the seriousness of water pollution in Wanquan River. There is no need to say anything more. The water pollution of Wanquan River has reached an extremely serious level, and its pollution has a bad influence on the surrounding water environment. Controlling the source of pollution should be the most fundamental solution, and the EPA claims that the source of pollution cannot be detected. Then, a thorough and firm environmental action is still important. If you do it steadily, it is impossible for the source of pollution not to appear. Administrative management and measures have yet to be further strengthened. 9. The green belt can see a big slogan on the road to Liulangzhuang – “protecting the forest green space and consolidating the greening achievements”. It is established by the Haidian District Municipal Administration Committee. You can also see a group of soldiers carrying tools to plant trees. This reminds us of the ongoing green belt construction activities in Beijing. This kind of construction has given me an interest in the historical changes in the western suburbs of Beijing. I found some information. About the change of "Haidian" Mr. Tao Shilong wrote in the article "Historical scenery of Jiangnan Water Town in the history of Shanghai Dian - according to Hou Renzhi: "The Collection of Late Qingji"": "Haidian has a lake, when he came to Beijing in 1948, Yanjing The university is now on the campus of Peking University, going to the Summer Palace, turning north to the west, seeing the area of ​​Lusongtang; in the early 1950s, it was still in the early 1950s. The roadside was mostly farmland, soil and water were enough, Jingxi rice was out, and many lotus roots were I don’t know when to annihilate.” Mr. Hou Renzhi’s “Evening Collection” mentioned: “In the Qing Dynasty, there were densely landscaped gardens in the Haidian area, and there were lakes in the garden. There were many waters outside the park. Like a water town in the south of the Yangtze River, there are poems as evidence. Suddenly, the wildness goes to the rivers and lakes, and the boat along the moon is drawn into the painting. A few songs are connected with the liquid, and the thousand branches of lights are scattered with the lotus.--The scenery of the predecessor of the Qing Dynasty is not known as the Wanquan Shili Shuiyun Township. Lan Ruo finds Xiao Xiaoliang. On both sides of the green Yang dynasty, the light boat is full of rice and wind.---Qianlong 咏 畅 畅 畅 畅 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西 西Change, is it progress, or is it a mistake and a retrogression? The disappearing scenery: Liulangzhuang in Jingxi, Liulangzhuang in Haidian, Changhe River in the east, and the Summer Palace in the west. After five hundred years of living, there are thousands of families, and they are called the first village of Jingxi. Liulangzhuang is the hometown of Jingxi Rice. In the Qing Dynasty, there were 360 ​​acres of rice fields, and the Royals ate a day. There is also the saying of "Six-Thirteen-Circle of South Qibei": When the rice paddy was opened in the same year, the Qing court packaged the project to Nanqi, Beiliu, and 13 provinces. So far, there is still a "prosperous place" in the south of the village. Place name. Emperor Qianlong in the "Wanquan Dyke on the Temple of the Temple of the King", there are also "Wanquan for a long time to stagnate, Jia Shenyin began to dredge, that is, its land to open paddy fields, this spring to add to the opening" note. He also described the scenery of Liulangzhuang in the poem "The weeping willows are hidden in the village, the new seedlings are indifferent to the paddy fields". Jingxi rice is full of seeds, steamed out of the rice to scent. It is said that Chairman Mao tasted the rice made with Jingxi Rice in the Summer Palace in the early days of liberation. He even said “good food” and proposed to promote Jingxi Rice. However, Liulangzhuang, which has a history of 500 years, is about to disappear because it is on a green belt. According to the overall planning of Beijing, the pattern of the Beijing area is “distributed group system”, that is, the city consists of the central area and the surrounding ten marginal groups; between the central area and the marginal group and the marginal groups, Green areas are isolated. The Wanliu area where Liulangzhuang is located is located on the 100-meter green belt next to the Summer Palace. After the implementation of the Wanliu project, the local farmers will go upstairs and return farmland to forests. Liulangzhuang will become a green scenic spot. Seeing that Liu Yaozhuang, which is disappearing from Jingxi Dao, is in a state of construction, the mood is really complicated. The establishment of a green belt In order to build a green ecological framework in the capital region, Beijing has made the decision to build three green barriers, namely the first green barrier based on Yanshan and Taihang Mountain greening projects, with 5 rivers and 10 roads greening and farmland. The second barrier, which is the focus of the forest network, is the third green barrier formed by greening the isolated areas. The greening and isolation area is the nearest green barrier in the urban area of ​​Beijing. According to the “Beijing Urban Overall Planning”, an urban forest with a green area of ​​125 square kilometers is constructed between the urban central area and the 10 marginal groups and between the various marginal groups. The project has been implemented since 1986. This year, the construction of the isolation belt has completed a green area of ​​35,000 mu, which is the sum of the green areas in the past six years, and formed 10 green plates with an area of ​​about 5,000 mu. After the 10 green plates are connected to each other, they will form an ecological barrier around Beijing, which will play an important role in improving the ecological environment of the capital. It is true that the construction of green belts is a major measure of Beijing's ecological environment construction, and it is a good thing for the benefit of the country and the people. However, Beijing West Rice represents a culture, a resource and a tradition in Beijing. Jingxi Rice has gradually disappeared with the construction of Beijing. Now its homeland will cease to exist. When it completely disappears from our vision, what are we lost? Why can't there be a solution to find the best entry point for ecology while examining and carefully treating cultural resources and traditions? Perhaps, Beijing West Rice, should not have disappeared from Beijing; perhaps, Liu Langzhuang, should not have disappeared from the map. 10, Jingmi diversion canal and Beijing water treatment Beijing water environment governance Beijing water environment governance is a major project, but also a project that has been continuously carried out in history. The center of Beijing used to be a lake group in ancient times. From Kunming Lake, it can be navigable to the Forbidden City. There is also a river, a moat surrounding the Imperial City and the capital, and the lake is connected to the north.

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